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Table 3 Difference between supplier recommended AFO stiffness and experimental optimized AFO stiffness on ankle kinematics and kinetics

From: Individual stiffness optimization of dorsal leaf spring ankle–foot orthoses in people with calf muscle weakness is superior to standard bodyweight-based recommendations

  Supplier recommended stiffness
Β intercept
Mean + S.E
Difference with experimental optimized stiffness
Mean + S.E
Significance, p
Model = β + β1*condition
Maximal dorsiflexion ankle angle 15.2 (0.8)  + 0.8 (0.6) 0.146
Ankle range of motion in degree 15.0 (0.7)  + 1.3 (0.3)  < 0.001
Maximal ankle moment 1.04 (0.04) 0.00 (0.01) 0.716
Maximal ankle power 1.32 (0.09)  + 0.16 (0.04)  < 0.001
Maximal hip power early stance 1.03 (0.08)  + 0.05 (0.10) 0.248
Maximal hip power pre-swing 1.09 (0.07)  + 0.08 (0.12) 0.320