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Table 2 Results of linear regression models with symmetry index of gait quality measures (dependent variables) and the total number of muscle modules (independent variables)

From: Relationship between gait quality measures and modular neuromuscular control parameters in chronic post-stroke individuals

Gait Features SI Parameters [%] \(\beta\)[95% CI] F-value p-value \({R}^{2}\) (%) \(Aadjusted {R}^{2 (\mathrm{\%})}\)
Functional Speed 0.583 [0.117, 1.048] 7.19  < 0.05 33.9 29.2
Spatiotemporal characteristics Step length − 0.237 [− 0.794, 0.320] 0.84 0.38 5.6 0.0
Step time − 0.038 [− 0.611, 0.535] 0.02 0.89 0.2 0.0
Limb kinematics Leg extension angle − 0.217 [− 0.776, 0.343] 0.69 0.42 4.7 0.0
Limb length − 0.565 [− 1.038, − 0.092] 6.56  < 0.05 31.9 27.0
Footpath area − 0.572 [− 1.042, − 0.102] 6.81  < 0.05 32.7 27.9
Joint kinematics (sagittal plane) Hip flex/ex − 0.424 [− 0.943, 0.010] 3.06 0.10 18.0 12.1
Knee flex/ex − 0.564 [− 1.037, − 0.090] 6.53  < 0.05 31.8 26.9
Ankle dorsi/plantar − 0.318 [− 0.861, 0.226] 1.57 0.23 10.1 3.7
Joint kinematics (other planes) Hip abd/add − 0.503 [− 0.998, − 0.007] 4.74  < 0.05 25.3 20.0
Hip int/ext ro 0.120 [− 0.449, 0.689] 0.20 0.66 1.4 0.0
  1. SI symmetry index, flex/ex flexion/extension, abd/add abduction/adduction, int/ext ro. internal/external rotation, dorsi/plantar dorsi/plantar flexion, \(\beta\) slope of regression, CI confidence interval