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Table 4 Medians (Mdn) and interquartile range (IQR) for high (H MoCAs) and low (L MoCAs) Montréal cognitive assessment scores (MoCAs) for each condition (game mode), between-groups comparison (Mann–Whitney U Test), and between conditions comparison (Friedman's)

From: The use of game modes to promote engagement and social involvement in multi-user serious games: a within-person randomized trial with stroke survivors

  Component Competitive Co-active Collaborative Between conditions comparison
H MoCAs L MoCAs Between-groups comp. H MoCAs L MoCAs Between-groups comp. H MoCAs L MoCAs Between-groups comp. H MoCAs L MoCAs
Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR) Mann-Whitney U, p-Value Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR) Mann-Whitney U, p-Value Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR) Mann-Whitney U, p-Value Chi-Square, p-Value Chi-Square, p-Value
Core module Competence 2.2 (0.8) 3.0 (0.8) 29.500, 0.124 2.4 (0.6) 3.4 (1.2) 18.500, 0.017 2.4 (0.8) 2.8 (0.5) 24.000, 0.050 1.167, 0.558 0.483, 0.786
Sensory and Imaginative Immersion 2.3 (1.0) 2.8 (1.2) 32.000, 0.181 2.2 (1.4) 2.7 (0.9) 24.500, 0.056 2.2 (0.5) 2.8 (0.9) 29.000, 0.117 0.195, 0.907 0.581, 0.748
Flow 3.0 (0.8) 3.6 (1.6) 34.500, 0.252 2.6 (0.8) 3.0 (1.1) 31.500, 0.170 3.0 (1.2) 3.0 (1.5) 40.500, 0.492 9.722, 0.008 3.379, 0.185
Tension/Annoyance 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.5) 33.000, 0.044 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 45.000, 0.366 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.5) 45.500, 0.664 2.000, 0.368 3.846, 0.146
Challenge 1.2 (1.4) 1.2 (1.1) 41.500, 0.541 0.6 (1.0) 0.6 (1.7) 45.500, 0.760 0.8 (0.8) 1.5 (0.9) 23.500, 0.047 8.537, 0.014 4.688, 0.096
Negative Affect 0.0 (0.3) 0.3 (0.5) 25.000, 0.045 0.0 (0.5) 0.3 (0.5) 44.000, 0.644 0.0 (0.3) 0.0 (0.6) 49.000, 0.966 1.750, 0.417 12.643, 0.267
Positive Affect 2.8 (0.8) 3.4 (1.2) 30.500, 0.145 2.8 (0.8) 3.0 (1.0) 32.500, 0.193 2.8 (1.4) 3.2 (1.0) 34.000, 0.235 1.514, 0.469 0.581, 0.748
Social Presence Module Empathy 1.7 (1.3) 2.8 (0.9) 24.500, 0.057 2.3 (1.5) 2.7 (1.0) 37.500, 0.359 2.2 (1.3) 2.8 (1.4) 23.500, 0.047 2.048, 0.359 2.000, 0.368
Negative Feelings 0.0 (0.4) 0.8 (0.9) 29.000, 0.105 0.6 (0.8) 0.4 (0.8) 45.500, 0.750 0.4 (0.6) 1.0 (1.2) 32.000, 0.180 3.879, 0.144 2.643, 0.267
Behavioral Involvement 0.7 (0.7) 1.2 (1.1) 26.000, 0.070 0.7 (1.2) 1.3 (1.4) 38.000, 0.378 2.3 (2.0) 3.0 (1.8) 39.000, 0.423 12.950, 0.002 13.937, 0.001
  1. Bold values represent that significant differences between conditions were found