Skip to main content

Table 7 Medians (Mdn) and Interquartile Range (IQR) for Distant and Close Relationships for each condition (game mode), between-groups comparison (Mann-Whithney U Test), and between conditions (Friedman’s) for the three personalities, according to each component of the GEQ Core Module and Social Presence Module

From: Impact of game mode in multi-user serious games for upper limb rehabilitation: a within-person randomized trial on engagement and social involvement

  Competitive Co-active Collaborative
  Component Distant Close Between-groups comparison Distant Close Between-groups comparison Distant Close Between-groups comparison Between conditions
Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR) Mann-Whitney U, p Value Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR) Mann-Whitney U, p Value Mdn (IQR) Mdn (IQR) Mann-Whitney U, p Value Distant (Chi-Square, p Value) Close (Chi-Square, p Value)
Core Module Competence 2.50 (1.40) 2.20 (1.80) 163, 0.495 2.50 (1.05) 2.80 (1.40) 141.5, 0.195 2.20 (1.25) 2.40 (1.10) 171.5, 0.659 1.684, 0.431 0.989, 0.616
Sensory and Imaginative Immersion 2.25 (0.95) 2.33 (1.42) 171, 0.649 2.33 (0.84) 2.50 (1.26) 155, 0.363 2.42 (1.33) 2.33 (0.83) 178.5, 0.809 1.615, 0.446 0.129, 0.938
Flow 2.60 (1.05) 3.20 (1.10) 122.5, 0.066 2.80 (1.40) 3.00 (1.10) 142.5, 0.206 3.00 (1.20) 2.80 (1.00) 179, 0.820 5.474, 0.065 2.103, 0.349
Tension/Annoyance 0.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 172, 0.419 0.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 182, 0.788 0.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 185, 0.882 2.000, 0.368 1.400, 0.497
Challenge 0.90 (0.75) 0.80 (0.60) 165, 0.529 0.60 (1.25) 0.40 (1.00) 176.5, 0.764 0.60 (0.85) 0.80 (0.90) 164, 0.512 4.554, 0.103 1.276, 0.528
Negative Affect 0.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 151.5, 0.173 0.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 153, 0.067 0.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 163, 0.242 4.261, 0.119 2.000, 0.368
Positive Affect 3.00 (0.85) 3.00 (1.30) 154, 0.344 3.00 (1.00) 3.00 (1.00) 175.5, 0.742 3.00 (1.25) 2.83 (1.00) 159, 0.424 0.685, 0.710 0.367, 0.832
Social Presence Module Empathy 2.25 (1.37) 2.83 (1.25) 113.5, 0.037 2.67 (1.25) 2.67 (0.59) 142.5, 0.203 2.75 (1.09) 3.00 (0.67) 135.5, 0.143 4.075, 0.130 3.079, 0.214
Negative Feelings 0.50 (1.05) 0.80 (1.20) 165.5, 0.536 0.60 (1.20) 0.40 (1.10) 157.5, 0.394 0.40 (1.20) 1.00 (0.80) 139, 0.165 0.400, 0.819 2.151, 0.341
Behavioral Involvement 0.92 (1.04) 1.33 (0.84) 125, 0.078 1.00 (0.66) 1.33 (1.17) 162.5, 0.484 1.75 (1.42) 1.67 (0.59) 185.5, 0.966 13.835, 0.001 7.429, 0.024
  1. Bold values represent that significant differences between conditions were found