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Table 2 Maximum joint torques (in Nm and Nm/kg) of trunk and shoulder

From: Don’t forget the trunk in Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients: more muscle weakness and compensation than expected

  Healthy DMD p-value HC vs DMD p-value Brooke scale
n median IQR n median IQR
Joint torque [Nm]
 Trunk (flexion) 25 47.5 [24.5–58.2] 17 20.3 [14.8–25.0] 0.001 0.120
 Trunk (extension) 25 43.9 [19.8–78.6] 16 21.4 [14.3–30.8] 0.003 0.673
 Trunk (lateral bending) 25 44.4 [27.5–65.2] 17 23.6 [17.0–33.1] 0.001 0.355
 Shoulder elevation 25 50.0 [30.1–95.8] 17 18.2 [12.6–24.4] < 0.001 0.244
 Shoulder abduction 25 30.6 [20.0–46.9] 17 11.9 [4.4–14.8] < 0.001 0.019
Joint torque [Nm/kg]
 Trunk (flexion) 25 0.94 [0.73–1.09] 15 0.43 [0.34–0.52] < 0.001 0.009
 Trunk (extension) 25 0.81 [0.72–1.25] 14 0.41 [0.31–0.52] < 0.001 0.585
 Trunk (lateral bending) 25 0.99 [0.88–1.14] 15 0.45 [0.39–0.64] < 0.001 0.014
 Shoulder elevation 25 1.10 [0.9–1.76] 15 0.34 [0.26–0.56] < 0.001 0.027
 Shoulder abduction 25 0.69 [0.61–0.8] 15 0.2 [0.08–0.28] < 0.001 0.012