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Table 2 Mean (±SD) values for lateral pelvic displacement (LPD), spatiotemporal gait parameters, and kinematics during overground walking averaged across participants and across steps within the trial for the baseline (BM) and pelvic support (PS) and pelvic constraint (PC) conditions

From: Immediate after-effects of robot-assisted gait with pelvic support or pelvic constraint on overground walking in healthy subjects

  Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 4 Trial 5
BM PS PC PS PC PS PC PS PC PS PC
LPD (mm) 36.1 (10.2) 40.1 (9.8) 32.3 *a (12.0) 37.9 (13.9) 37.9 (12.6) 39.1 (15.1) 37.9 (11.8) 39.9 (13.1) 39.5 (12.2) 39.1 (16.9) 37.8 (11.8)
Gait velocity (m/s) 1.36 (0.14) 1.30 (0.17) 1.32 (0.16) 1.34 (0.19) 1.14 (0.45) 1.33 (0.18) 1.35 (0.16) 1.33 (0.19) 1.33 (0.16) 1.32 (0.16) 1.36 (0.16)
Cadence (steps/min) 107.5 (5.0) 104.8 (7.9) 106.5 (5.7) 105.2 (7.1) 105.4 (4.7) 106.4 (6.9) 107.4 (5.1) 104.4 (6.3) 106.2 (5.2) 106.2 (6.8) 107.7 (4.4)
Stride length (m) 1.50 (0.14) 1.49 (0.13) 1.48 (0.14) 1.50 (0.14) 1.46 (0.15) 1.50 (0.14) 1.49 (0.13) 1.51 (0.15) 1.49 (0.15) 1.49 (0.13) 1.49 (0.14)
Single-support time (% gait cycle) 62.74 (2.15) 63.26 (1.30) 62.67 (1.90) 63.22 (1.68) 63.21 (1.31) 62.71 (2.16) 62.23 (2.00) 63.19 (1.52) 62.48 (1.62) 62.44 (1.77) 61.85 (1.79)
Step width (m) 0.19 (0.03) 0.20 (0.04) 0.17 *b (0.04) 0.20 (0.03) 0.17 (0.03) 0.19 (0.03) 0.18 (0.03) 0.19 (0.02) 0.19 (0.04) 0.19 (0.02) 0.19 (0.04)
Range of motion
 Hip (degrees) 50.0 (3.6) 50.4 (4.9) 49.4 (3.6) 49.6 (4.4) 49.4 (6.2) 52.0 (6.1) 51.4 (5.3) 49.8 (4.8) 49.2 (4.1) 51.9 (6.0) 53.3 (3.8)
 Knee (degrees) 63.8 (2.4) 62.6 (3.4) 62.9 (2.4) 62.3 (4.0) 63.0 (2.9) 62.8 (4.7) 63.0 (4.6) 62.6 (3.2) 62.6 (2.3) 63.2 (3.6) 63.6 (4.8)
  1. *a significantly different from PS in trial 1, p = 0.009
  2. *bsignificantly different from PS and BM in trial 1, p = 0.013 and p = 0.013 respectively