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Table 4 Kinesiological parameters of normal subjects and patients in spastic group according to the Ashworth scale

From: Biceps femoris late latency responses and the “notching sign” in spasticity

  Normal Spasticity Ash 1 Ash 2 Ash 3 Ash 4 p* p**
Pc 4.8 ± 1.5 4.7 ± 2.1 7.0 ± 1.0 5.0 ± 1.0 3.0 ± 2.0 1.0 ± 0.0 0.734 0.000
Ɵ1(°) 18.3 ± 5.6 14.8 ± 6.8 16.9 ± 6.6 17.1 ± 5.2 13.7 ± 5.6 3.1 ± 3.4 0.061 0.001
t1(msec) 317.4 ± 23.4 255.5 ± 80.0 304 ± 55 279 ± 56 208 ± 82 162 ± 74 0.001 0.000
ω1(°/s) 58.0 ± 16.6 60.5 ± 28.0 58 ± 25 64 ± 23 70.5 ± 29 23 ± 25 0.537 0.016
f (Hz) 1.0 ± 0.1 1.3 ± 0.5 1.1 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.2 1.5 ± 0.5 2.3 ± 0.8 0.000 0.000
Ɵ2(°) 10.6 ± 5.6 7.8 ± 5.2 12.6 ± 4.8 8.9 ± 2.7 4.4 ± 2.9 - 0.044 0.000
ω2(°/s) 41.7 ± 23.2 35.6 ± 21.7 53 ± 21 40 ± 12 25 ± 16 - 0.415 0.000
DR 0.6 ± 0.2 0.47 ± 0.2 0.75 ± 0.1 0.53 ± 0.1 0.28 ± 0.2 0.0 ± 0.0 0.187 0.000
N 25 65 18 23 18 6 N/S G Ash.
  1. *Normal and Spasticity **Ashworth groups