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Table 2 Kinesiological parameters of normal subjects and spastic groups

From: Biceps femoris late latency responses and the “notching sign” in spasticity

  Normal Hemiparetic Paraparetic Spasticity   
  Left side Unaffected side Affected side Severe side Total p* p**
Pc 4.8 ± 1.5 3.1 ± 1.6 4.6 ± 2.6 4.8 ± 1.6 4.7 ± 2.1 0.734 0.006
Ɵ1(°) 18.3 ± 5.6 11.6 ± 6.9 13.7 ± 6.6 16.2 ± 6.9 14.8 ± 6.8 0.061 0.001
t1(msec) 317.4 ± 23.4 294.7 ± 54.5 250.1 ± 80.8 261.7 ± 79.9 255.5 ± 80.0 0.001 0.001
ω1(°/s) 58.0 ± 16.6 40.7 ± 19.5 56.2 ± 24.5 65.4 ± 31.2 60.5 ± 28.0 0.537 0.004
f (Hz) 1.0 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.5 0.000 0.000
Ɵ2(°) 10.6 ± 5.6 4.2 ± 3.7 7.2 ± 5.1 8.6 ± 5.3 7.8 ± 5.2 0.044 0.001
ω2(°/s) 41.7 ± 23.2 20.7 ± 16.1 31.5 ± 21.2 40.3 ± 21.6 35.6 ± 21.7 0.415 0.001
DR 0.6 ± 0.2 0.3 ± 0.3 0.4 ± 0.3 0.5 ± 0.2 0.47 ± 0.2 0.187 0.01
n 25 24 35 30 65 N/S G  
  1. *Normal and Spasticity **All groups