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Table 3 Outcome measures: VAS, ODI and FABQ I and II and flexibility

From: Changes in flexion-relaxation phenomenon and lumbo-pelvic kinematics following lumbar disc replacement surgery

Questionnaires Before After p
VAS ( /10) 4.8 ± 2 3.4 ± 2.8 0.06
ODI ( /100) 38.2 ± 13.7 25.8 ± 19.2 0.03
FABQ I ( /42) 22.1 ± 14.8 18 ± 15.2 0.09
FABQ II ( /24) 13.1 ± 9.1 7.3 ± 7.5 0.01
Sit and reach (cm) 8.2 ± 10.4 7.5 ± 12.7 0.74
  1. Mean ± standard deviation for the different baseline characteristics.
  2. FABQ I indicates fear-avoidance beliefs about work; FABQ II, fear avoidance beliefs about physical activity.