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Table 4 Stretch-reflex test results for the study participants during elbow flexion testing, stretching the triceps-bracii

From: Elbow spasticity during passive stretch-reflex: clinical evaluation using a wearable sensor system

  Discrete measures Density measures *Clinical
ID Δω Δα ΔantE ΔagoE ϵω ϵα ϵantE ϵagoE MAS
1 138.5 1482. .0538 .0066 58.76 499.5 .0642 .0343 3 (2)
2 44.68 660.0 .0029 .0015 19.68 248.1 .0074 .0171 0 (0)
3 36.50 666.7 .0442 .0227 12.41 207.6 .0212 .0541 0 (0)
4 59.62 569.2 .0737 .0730 23.61 268.4 .0470 .1059 1 (1)
5 169.6 2175. .1223 .0412 65.76 639.0 .0683 .0836 2 (1+)
6 121.5 1576. .0643 .1008 56.94 477.6 .0643 .0659 3 (2)
7 75.93 1473. .0089 .0015 19.84 317.6 .0110 .0301 0 (0)
8 117.0 1917. .0106 .0038 39.56 563.8 .0543 .0426 1 (1)
9 50.23 630.9 .0093 .0068 15.25 249.3 .0102 .0246 0 (0)
  1. Discrete measures include maximal kinematic and EMG deviations from reference at spastic onset. Density measures include area-under-the-curve measures of deviations from reference across the trial. Also included is the clinical MAS score recorded by the therapist.
  2. * Clinical score was assessed by therapist. We show the score used in the data analysis, with the recorded clinical score shown in parenthesis.